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companion

com·pan·ion1 / kəmˈpanyən/ • n. 1. a person or animal with whom one spends a lot of time or with whom one travels. ∎  a person who shares the experiences of another, esp. when these are unpleasant or unwelcome: my companions in misfortune. ∎  a person with similar tastes and interests to one's own and with whom one has a friendly relationship: drinking companions. ∎  a person's long-term sexual partner outside marriage. ∎  a person, esp. an unmarried or widowed woman, employed to live with and assist another. ∎  Astron. a star, galaxy, or other celestial object that is close to or associated with another. 2. one of a pair of things intended to complement or match each other: [as adj.] a companion volume. ∎  [usu. in names] a book that provides information about a particular subject: the Oxford Companion to English Literature. ∎ chiefly Brit., dated a piece of equipment containing objects used in a particular activity: a traveler's companion. 3. (Companion) a member of the lowest grade of certain orders of knighthood. • v. [tr.] formal accompany: he is companioned by a pageboy. com·pan·ion2 • n. Naut. a covering over the hatchway leading below decks. ∎ archaic a raised frame with windows on the quarterdeck of a ship to allow light into the decks below. ∎ short for companionway.

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companion

companion 1 associate, mate. XIII. ME. compainoun — OF. compaignon :- Rom. *compāniōn-, stem of *compāniō (whence OF, compain, mod. copain), f. L. COM- + pānis bread, after Gmc. ʒaχlaibaz (Goth. gahlaiba, OHG. galeipo messmate) ‘one who eats bread with another’, f. *ʒa- Y- + *χlaib LOAF.
Hence companionable XVII. So company XIII. ME. compainie, -paig- — AN. compainie, OF. compa(i)gnie :- Rom. *compānia, f. *compāniō; see -Y 3.

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companion

companion 2 (naut.) framed windows over a hatchway, hooded staircase to the captain's cabin. XVIII. alt., by assoc. with prec., of Du. †kompanje (now kam-) — OF. compagne — It. compagna (for camera della compagna store-room for provisions, caboose) :- Rom. *compānia ‘what is eaten with bread’, f. L. COM- + pānis bread.

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companion

companionItalian, stallion •cañon, canyon, companion •hellion, rebellion •Kenyan •Melanesian, Micronesian, Polynesian •billion, jillion, million, modillion, multimillion, pillion, septillion, sextillion, squillion, trillion, zillion •minion, opinion, pinion •carillon • slumgullion •bunion, Bunyan, grunion, onion, Runyon •roentgen • damson • Kansan • Tarzan •blazon, brazen, emblazon, liaison, raisin •Spätlesen •reason, season, treason •arisen, grison, imprison, mizzen, prison, risen, uprisen •Pilsen • crimson • malison •benison, denizen •orison • citizen •bedizen, greisen, horizon, kaizen •Stockhausen •chosen, frozen •Lederhosen • poison • Susan •cousin, cozen, dozen •Amazon

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