in·sti·tute / ˈinstiˌt(y)oōt/ • n. [usu. in names] 1. a society or organization having a particular object or common factor, esp. a scientific, educational, or social one: the Institute for Advanced Studies a research institute. 2. (usu. institutes) archaic a commentary, treatise, or summary of principles, esp. concerning law. • v. [tr.] 1. set in motion or establish (something, esp. a program, system, or inquiry): the Illinois Department of Conservation instituted a bowhunt to remove deer the award was instituted in 1900. ∎ begin (legal proceedings) in a court. 2. (often be instituted) appoint (someone) to a position, esp. as a cleric: his sons were instituted to his benefice in 1986 | a testator who has instituted his daughter heir.
So vb. set up. found XV; establish in an office, esp. eccl. XVI. f. pp. stem of instituere. institution establishment, esp. eccl. in a benefice XIV; established law, etc. XVI; establishment or organization for the promotion of an object XVIII. — (O)F. — L. institutional XVII.
To inaugurate, originate, or establish. Incivil law, to direct an individual who was named asheir in a will to pass over the estate to another designated person, known as the substitute.
For example, to institute an action is to commence it by the filing of a complaint.
an organization for the promotion of learning. See also institution, society, [First use in England appears to have been 1829.]