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Lyceum

Lyceum the garden at Athens in which Aristotle taught philosophy; Aristotelian philosophy and its followers. The name comes via Latin from Greek Lukeion, neuter of Lukeios, epithet of Apollo (from whose neighbouring temple the Lyceum was named).

The Lyceum was also the name of a theatre near the Strand in London, noted for the melodramatic productions staged there by Henry Irving and others.

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Lyceum

Ly·ce·um / līˈsēəm/ the garden at Athens in which Aristotle taught philosophy. ∎  (the Lyceum) Aristotelian philosophy and its followers. ∎  (a lyceum) archaic a literary institution, lecture hall, or teaching place.

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Lyceum

Lyceum School in classical Athens where Aristotle taught. In later times, many educational institutions adopted the name, including a group devoted to adult education in the USA, founded in 1826, in which scholars such as Ralph Emerson and Henry Thoreau took part.

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lyceum

lyceum the garden in Athens where Aristotle taught XVI; place of study or instruction XVIII. — L. Lycēum — Gr. Lūkeion, n. of Lúkeios epithet of Apollo, to whose temple the Lyceum was adjacent.

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Lyceum (gymnasium near ancient Athens)

Lyceum (līsē´əm), gymnasium near ancient Athens. There Aristotle taught; hence the extension of the term lyceum to Aristotle's school of philosophers, the Peripatetics.

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lyceum (19th-century American educational association)

lyceum (līsē´əm, lī´–), 19th-century American association for popular instruction of adults by lectures, concerts, and other methods. Lyceum groups were concerned with the dissemination of information on the arts, sciences, history, and public affairs. The National American Lyceum (1831) developed from the lectures given by Josiah Holbrook at the first lyceum group in Millbury, Mass. (1826). The movement spread through groups formed in other states and was a powerful force in adult education, social reform, and political discussion. Many of the ablest leaders of the time lectured to lyceum audiences, and public interest in general education was greatly stimulated by the movement. The lyceum movement waned after the Civil War, but much of its work was later taken up by the Chautauqua movement.

See C. Bode, The American Lyceum (1956, repr. 1968).

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lyceum

lyceum •um •Graeme, graham •athenaeum, atheneum, coliseum, Liam, lyceum, mausoleum, museum, peritoneum, propylaeum, Te Deum •Rijksmuseum

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