British engineer and inventor who developed the first self-propelled torpedo in 1866. Whitehead's torpedo was driven by a compressed-air engine and carried a 15kg explosive charge. It also featured a self-regulating device for maintaining a constant preset depth. In 1872 Whitehead established a firm in the Adriatic port of Fiume (also called Rijeka) to manufacture his torpedoes. By 1881 he had customers worldwide, from Britain to Russia to Argentina.
"Robert Whitehead." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/robert-whitehead
"Robert Whitehead." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Retrieved September 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/robert-whitehead