Skip to main content

Biosophical Institute

Biosophical Institute

Founded in the 1940s by Dr. Frederick Kettner to promote his system of biosophy. He defined biosophy (from the words bios, meaning life, and sophia, meaning intelligence) as "the science and art of intelligent living based on the awareness and practice of spiritual values, ethical-social principles and character qualities essential to individual freedom and social harmony." In his booklet, The Need for a Thousand Year Plan (1948), Kettner acknowledged the part played by the human mind in creating civilization but stated, "Humanity's next problem is to realize the creativity of the heart of man." Through biosophy he hoped to create a world-fellowship of peace-loving men and women who have overcome religious, national, racial, and social prejudices and who would work creatively for the growth of democracy and world peace.

Biosophy groups were founded in various U.S. cities and in South and Central America, Europe, Australia, and India. Kettner counted Albert Einstein, Pierre leComte du Nouy, Have-lock Ellis, and Lal Sharma among his supporters. No sign of institute activity has been observed in recent years.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Biosophical Institute." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . 26 Aug. 2019 <>.

"Biosophical Institute." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . (August 26, 2019).

"Biosophical Institute." Encyclopedia of Occultism and Parapsychology. . Retrieved August 26, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.