Skip to main content

Rouelle, Jean


(b. probably Douzy [Ardennes], France, 1751 or 1753; d. unknown) chemistry, natural history.

Nephew of the two Rouelle brothers, Jean was probably the same nephew described by contemporaries as laboratory assistant to Guillaume-Franrçois at the Jardin du Roi. He was a physician and in 1775 succeeded Hilaire-Marin as apothecary to the Duc d’Orléans. He sailed in 1788 to the United States, having been named to a ten-year post as mineralogist in chief and professor and demonstrator of natural history, chemistry, and botany at the new Académie des Sciences et Beaux-Arts des États-Unis (Richmond, Virginia). The Academy, established by A.-M. Quesnay de Beaurepaire, soon foundered, but Rouelle fulfilled part of his contract by forming a collection of animals, plants, and minerals which he brought back to France in 1798. He then taught chemistry at the École Centrale in Charleville (Ardennes). He was a member of the American Philosophical Society (20 January 1792).


John [sic] Rouelle, A Complete Treatise on the Mineral Waters of Virginia (Philadelphia, 1792); MS “Observations sur les cultures coloniales et en particulier sur celle de la canne a sucre …,” Bibliothèque Centrale, Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris, MS 1981, I, no. 2505, Archives Nationales, Paris, AJ15 551; H. E. Sigerist, “Rise and Fall of the American Spa,” in Ciba Symposia, 8 (1946), 313–326; H. M., “L’Enseignement à l’école centrale de Charleville,” in études ardennaises, no. 14 (July, 1958), pp. 21–23.

Rhoda Rappaport

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Rouelle, Jean." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . 25 Jun. 2019 <>.

"Rouelle, Jean." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . (June 25, 2019).

"Rouelle, Jean." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Retrieved June 25, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.