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Punicaceae A family that comprises 1 genus of plants, related to the Lythraceae, in which the leaves are simple, spiral, and without stipules. The flowers are perigynous, with 5–8 sepals and petals, many stamens, and many carpels which are adnate to the receptacle. The fruit is seated on the persistent calyx, with a leathery rind, and has numerous seeds with partly fleshy leaves. There are 2 species occurring from south-eastern Europe to the Himalayas (P. granatum) and Socotra. P. granatum is the pomegranate, which is widely cultivated.