(fl. Benares, India, 1478)
Makaranda wrote at Kāśī (Benares) an extremely influential set of astronomical tables, entitled Makaranda (see essay in Supplement), based on the Saurapakṣa. These tables are calendaric (for tithis, nakṣatras, and yogas), planetary, and for eclipses; their epoch is 1478. Their extreme popularity is indicated by the facts that there are almost 100 extant manuscripts (mostly from northern India) and that some twenty commentaries are known; the dated commentaries are by Harikarṇa of Hisākara (1610), Viśvanātha of Benares (1612–1630), Divākara (1627), Puruṣottama (1631), Krpārāma Miśra of Ahamadabad (1815), Jīvanātha of Patna (1823), and Nīlāmbara Jhā of Koilakh, Mithilā (nineteenth century). The continued popularity of the Makaranda at the end of the last century is proven by the several editions.
The Makarada was published at Benares in 1869 with the commentaries of Gokulanātha, Divākara, and Viśvanātha; the next with the first two commentaries was repub. in Aruṇodaya, I, pt. 15 (Calcutta, 1891). The Makaranda appeared alone also at Benares in 1880 and again in 1884. The tables in a number of MSS have been analyzed by D. Pingree, “Sanskrit Astronomical Tables in the United States,” in Transactions of the American Philosphical Society, n.s. 58 , no. 3 (1968), 39b–46b; and in his “Sanskrit Astronomical Tables in England,” in Journal of Oriental Research (Madras).
"Makaranda." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 15, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/makaranda
"Makaranda." Complete Dictionary of Scientific Biography. . Retrieved November 15, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/science/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/makaranda
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.