Lysenko, TrofimDenisovich

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Lysenko, TrofimDenisovich (1898–1976)A fanatic anti-geneticist, who attained extraordinary power in the USSR under Stalin, and retained it under Krushchev. He sought successfully the suppression of research in genetics and was responsible for the imprisonment and execution of a number of noted Soviet geneticists. The failure of his own attempts, based on a kind of Lamarckism, to increase grain production led to his own downfall and that of Krushchev.