Skip to main content


Lophiidae (goosefish, angler; superorder Paracanthopterygii, order Lophiiformes) A small family of marine fish that have a huge, wide, flattened head, an enormous mouth whose lower jaw is longer than the upper, and eyes placed almost on top of the head. The fins are short and truncate. The goosefish are bottom-dwelling, and lure prospective prey by means of the movable first dorsal fin ray, which is provided with an illicium. Found at depths of 100–1000 m, Lophius piscatorius (European angler) can reach a length of 1.7 m. Encountered regularly by commercial fishermen, the annual catch is of the order of 30 000 tonnes. Lophius americanus (goosefish) of the western Atlantic is slightly smaller. There are at least 12 species, with world-wide distribution but absent from the eastern Pacific.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Lophiidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . 19 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Lophiidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . (March 19, 2019).

"Lophiidae." A Dictionary of Zoology. . Retrieved March 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.