Funaria (order Funariales) A genus of mosses in which the leaves are often crowded towards the tops of short stems. The leaves are tongue-shaped to ovate. The capsule is pyriform. It is a cosmopolitan genus of about 250 species. F. hygrometrica is commonly taken as a ‘typical moss’ in elementary bryology studies. The shoots are yellowish-green to green and often occur in extensive green carpets. The capsules are often numerous and are initially green and pear-shaped, becoming yellowish to orange-brown when ripe; they are borne on long, usually curved setae. The species is found on bare soil (in fields, on heaths and moors, in woodland, etc.), particularly on sites of previous fires.
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