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Cardinalidae (cardinals, grosbeaks, saltators; class Aves, order Passeriformes) A family of medium to large, heavy-bodied finches that have large conical bills: the males are often highly coloured (e.g. the six species of Pheucticus are yellow and black, orange and black, or red, white, and black). They inhabit woodland, feeding on fruit, seeds, blossoms, and insects and are tree-nesting. Cardinalis cardinalis (cardinal) is a common cage bird. There are 8–13 genera, with 39 species, often combined with Fringillidae or Emberizidae, and found in N., Central, and S. America.