WATZINGER, CARL ° (1877–1948), German archaeologist. Watzinger taught as lecturer in Berlin (1905), assistant professor in Tostock (1905–09), and professor in Giessen (1909–16) and Tuebingen (from 1916 until his death). Together with E. *Sellin, he directed excavations at Jericho and published the excavation report (1913). He also collaborated with H. Kohl in clearing ancient synagogues in the Galilee; the publication of their results Antike Synagogen in Galilaea (1916) remains to this day the basic study of the earlier type of synagogues in Israel.
During World War i Watzinger participated in German surveys. He was the author of two works on Damascus – Damaskus, die antike Stadt (1921), and Damaskus, die islamische Stadt (1924). After the war he published a study of the finds of Megiddo (1921) and a work on the antiquities of Ereẓ Israel, Denkmaeler Palaestinas, 2 vols. (1931–35).