Ulric of Zell, St.

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Cluniac monk; b. Regensburg, Germany, 1029; d. Zell, Germany, July 14, 1093. A godson of Emperor henry iii, Ulric was trained and educated in the Abbey of sankt emmeram, served in the court chapel of the emperor, and came to be archdeacon and provost in Freising. Ulric took part in the emperor's march on Rome (1046) and then made a pilgrimage to Palestine. On his return he disposed of all his possessions and, after a second visit to Rome, became a monk at cluny in 1061. After short terms of office as prior in three different monasteries, Ulric became in 1078 prior of the new foundation in Grüningen near Freiburg im Breisgau. He moved this abbey, today known as Sankt Ulrich, to a more advantageous location at Zell (1087), and it is here that he was buried. His feast has been celebrated since 1139. Between 1079 and 1087, Ulric composed, at the suggestion of william of hirsau, the Antiquiores consuetudines monasterii Cluniacensis (Patrologia Latina, ed. J. P. Migne, 217 v., indexes 4 v. [Paris 187890] 149:635778), which gives an important insight into the internal organization of the Abbey of Cluny during this period.

Feast: July 14.

Bibliography: Acta Sanctorum July 3:142161. Vita, Monumenta Germaniae Historica (Berlin 1826) Scriptores, 12:249253. a. m. zimmermann, Kalendarium Benedictinum: Die Heiligen und Seligen des Benediktinerorderns und seiner Zweige, 4 v. (Metten 193338) 2:451454. k. hallinger, Gorze-Kluny, 2v. (Studia anselmiana [Rome 1933 ] fasc. 2225; 195051). a. zimmermann, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. m. buchberger, 10 v. (Freiburg 193038) 10:370371. a. butler, The Lives of the Saints, rev. ed. h. thurston and d. attwater, 4v. (New York 1956) 3:101.

[l. kurras]