Tomás de Santa María
TOMÁS DE SANTA MARÍA
Dominican composer and theorist of the Renaissance, whose treatise on keyboard technique is still of prime value; b. Madrid, c. 1510–20; d. Valladolid?, 1570. Fray Tomás obtained a royal printing license in 1557 for his bulky treatise, Arte de Tañer Fantasía, assi para Tecla como para Vihuela (Valladolid 1565), but publication was delayed eight years because of a paper shortage. The work, which is divided into two independent parts of 90 and 124 folios, contains more musical examples than any other treatise issued in 16th-century Spain, and reveals that he consulted with numerous "learned and skilled practitioners of the art, especially with the eminent royal musician, Antonio de Cabezón." Although Tomás considered his instructions for playing the monacordio (clavichord) merely preliminary to part 1, it is these instructions that have been translated (by E. Harich-Schneider and R. Boadella as Anmut und Kunst am Klavichord; Leipzig 1937) and cited in manuals for performing on old keyboard instruments. His method for fingering, graces, and rhythmic variants finds no parallel in his century and is so explicit that many so-called innovations of English virginal technique can now be traced to Spanish practice. Part 2 (ch. 16) included a group of favordones (fabordones ) transcribed by F. Pedrell to show how Vesper Psalms were chanted in accompanied four-part harmony in the 16th century. Although on the title page he promises to teach "the art of playing with imagination, on keyboard instruments as well as vihuela " (six-course guitar), Tomás is in his best element when dealing with the keyboard.
Bibliography: f. pedrell, ed., Hispaniae schola musica sacra, 8 v. (Barcelona 1894–98) v.6. o. kinkeldey, Orgel und Klavier in der Musik des 16. Jahrhunderts (Leipzig 1910). e. harich-schneider, The Harpsichord (St. Louis 1954). e. harichschneider and r. boadella, "Zum Klavichordspiel bei Tomás de Santa María," Archiv für Musikforschung 2 (1937) 243–245. j. de marieta, Historia Eclesiástica de todos los Santos de España (Cuenca 1596) pt. 2, fol. 211, no. 102. s. kastner, Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart 11:1378–79. g. reese, Music in the Renaissance (rev. ed. New York 1959).
"Tomás de Santa María." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 15, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tomas-de-santa-maria
"Tomás de Santa María." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved January 15, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/tomas-de-santa-maria
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.