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Synthesis, in Greek, Σύνθεσις from σύν and τίθημι, meaning a putting together or composition, is used for combinations of things, ideas, or words. aristotle uses it to characterize mechanical mixtures and chemical compounds, acts of the mind combining ideas in judgments, and the relation of subject and predicate in a proposition. epicurus uses it for the relations of atoms in a composite and the relation of sensations in composite notions. It is applied to propositions and to methods. In logical method it means either the combination of terms in propositions and systems, or the inferential procedure from principles to conclusions.

See Also: analysis and synthesis; atomism; methodology (philosophy).

[r. mckeon]

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