STEINBRUCH, AARÃO (1915–1992), Brazilian journalist, lawyer, and politician. The son of a shoḥet, Steinbruch was born in Porto Alegre. He was elected as a labor deputy to the Federal Chamber of Deputies in 1950 (serving until 1962) and initiated the law known as "The Thirteenth Salary," which was designed to discourage absenteeism in factories. In 1963 he became the first Jewish federal senator in Brazil representing the Movimento Democratico Brasileiro party (Laborist; serving until 1969), and in 1964 he was elected president of his party. Steinbruch presided over the Federação Israelita do Estado de Rio de Janeiro (Federation of Jewish Societies of the state of Rio de Janeiro) from 1958 to 1962 and visited Israel on several occasions. He was also editor of three journals, Revista de Justiça, Revista do Trabalho, and Tres Poderes. His wife, julia vaena (1933– ), was also a member of the Federal Chamber of Deputies.
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