STEIN, ARTHUR (1871–1950), Austrian historian. Stein was born in Vienna. His first book, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte und Verwaltung Aegyptens unter Roemischer Herrschaft (1915), earned him the post of lecturer at the German University of Prague, where he became a full professor in 1923. Under the German occupation of Czechoslovakia he was deprived of his professorship, and confined to the Theresienstadt concentration camp until 1945.
Stein was interested primarily in the history of the Roman Empire, which he elucidated through the study of its administration and prosopography. He and Edmund Groag were entrusted by the Berlin Academy with the preparation of a new edition of the Prosopographia Imperii Romani saeculorum i. ii. iii. (1933– ). He was primarily responsible for the biographies in the Prosopographia of members of the equestrian class. His other studies include Roemische Reichsbeamte der Provinz Thracia (1920); Der roemische Ritterstand, ein Beitrag zur Social-un Personengeschichte des roemischen Reiches (1927); Die Legaten von Moesien (1940); Die Reichsbeamten von Dazien (1944); and Die Praefekten von Aegypten in der roemischen Kaiserzeit (1950).
[Irwin L. Merker]
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