SEDOT YAM (Heb. שְׂדוֹת יָם), kibbutz in central Israel on the site of ancient Caesarea, affiliated with Ha-Kibbutz ha-Me'uḥad. Sedot Yam was founded in 1940 by Israel-born youth of the Ha-No'ar ha-Oved movement and by Youth Aliyah graduates from Germany and Hungary (among them Hannah *Szenes). Initially, the kibbutz took on as its principal assignment pioneering in sea fishing, but abandoned this branch in the course of time and developed fruit orchards, irrigated field and fodder crops, etc. The kibbutz also produced quartz surfacing products (CaesarStone) and other surfacing materials (marble, granite, ceramics). It had a small museum containing ancient artifacts uncovered in the area. In 1970 Sedot Yam had 510 inhabitants, increasing to 634 in 2002.
[Efraim Orni /
Shaked Gilboa (2nd ed.)]