Jesuit missionary and proponent of the Chinese rites;b. Strambino, Italy, March 1, 1578; d. Nagasaki, Japan, March 22, 1643. He entered the Society of Jesus in 1596, and in 1602 left for India, which was his missionary field for the next 36 years. Besides successfully catechizing and preaching, he left valuable descriptions of India in his letters to Christopher clavius and Christopher Grienberger, Jesuit mathematicians of the Roman College, descriptions that reveal a skill in cartography and mathematics. His Catena evangelica (seven volumes) became a useful exegetical guide for missionaries. As visitor for the province of Japan and the vice-province of China in 1638, he learned the native languages well enough to discuss theology with the bonzes. Rubino became impressed with the advantages in adapting some of the Roman ritual to that of the Far Eastern religions, and wrote a defense of his views, Metodo della dottrina che i padri della Compagnia di Gesú insegnano ai neofiti nelle missioni della Cina con la risposta alle obiettioni di alcuni moderni che la impugnano (1641). Rubino wrote originally in Portuguese; this Italian version by G.F. Marini, was placed on the Index in 1660. This identification with the cause of the chinese rites followed him after death, when a calumnious book, Difesa del giudizio formato dalla Santa Sede Apostolica (Turin c. 1760), advocating an iconoclastic removal of crucifixes and other objects of the Roman rite from use in the East, was falsely ascribed to his authorship. In 1643 Rubino and his companions reached the Japanese island of Satauma, where they were seized; they were brought to Nagasaki, and after imprisonment, died.
Bibliography: c. sommervogel, Bibliotèque de la Compagnie de Jésus, 11 v. (Brussels-Paris 1890–1932) 7:279–280. g. saroglia, Vita del P. Antonio Rubino da Strambino (Trent 1894). s. delacroix, ed., Histoire universelle des missions catholiques, 4 v. (Paris 1956–59) 1:314; 2:61.
[e. d. mcshane]
"Rubino, Antonio." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 12, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rubino-antonio
"Rubino, Antonio." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 12, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/rubino-antonio
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.