Skip to main content

Rice, Luther


Founder of the General Missionary Convention of the Baptist Denomination; b: Northboro, Mass., March 25, 1783; d. Edgefield, S.C., Sept. 25, 1836. He prepared for the Congregational ministry at Williams College and Andover Seminary, Massachusetts, where he was instrumental in awakening interest in foreign missions. In 1812 he was ordained and sailed for India as one of the first group of American missionaries. Arriving independently at the same conclusions on faith before Baptism as those of a colleague, the Rev. Adohiram Judson, Rice was rebaptized at Calcutta by English Baptist missionaries. Returning to America in 1813, he persuaded local Baptist associations to unite in a nationwide missionary society. The General Missionary Convention, meeting at Philadelphia, Pa., on May 18, 1814, established the Baptist Board for Foreign Missions and agreed to reconvene every three years. Since the convention was the only centralized Baptist agency, Rice sought to make it responsible for home missions and educational activities. He won its support for a theological school (now Andover Newton) and for Columbian College (now George Washington University, founded in 1822 at Washington, D.C.). Baptist financial troubles forced Rice to resign as treasurer of Columbian College in 1826, and thereafter the work of the convention was confined to foreign missions.

Bibliography: j. b. taylor, Memoir of Rev. Luther Rice (Richmond 1843; 2d ed. Nashville 1937). r. g. torbet, A History of the Baptists (rev. ed. Valley Forge 1963).

[r. k. macmaster]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Rice, Luther." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . 25 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Rice, Luther." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . (March 25, 2019).

"Rice, Luther." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved March 25, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.