Skip to main content

Quartodecimans

QUARTODECIMANS

The term "Quartodecimans" refers to those Christian communities in the early Church which celebrated Easter on the 14th of Nisan (die quarta decima ), the day of the Jewish Passover (Ex 12.6). Prevalent in Asia Minor and Syria in the second century, Quartodecimans emphasized the death of Christ, the true Paschal victim (Jn 18.28, 19.42), while Roman practice emphasized the observance of Sunday as the day of the Resurrection. Implicit in these two positions is the disputed chronology of Holy Week.

Roman efforts to induce the Quartodecimans to abandon their practice were unsuccessful. On a visit to Rome (c. 155), St. polycarp of smyrna amicably discussed the question with Pope anicetus without, however, reaching agreement. Pope victor (189198) sought unity through a series of synods held in both East and West; all accepted the Roman practice except the Asiatic bishops. When Victor attempted coercion by excommunication, St. irenaeus of lyons intervened to restore peace (eusebius, Ecclesiastical History 5.2325). During the third century Quartodecimanism waned; it persisted in some Asiatic communities down to the fifth century.

See Also: easter controversy.

Bibliography: w. h. cadman, "The Christian Pascha and the Day of the Crucifixion: Nisan 14 or 15," Studia Patristica 5 (1962) 816. c. w. dugmore, "A Note on the Quartodecimans," Studia Patristica 4 (1961) 411421. m. richard, "La lettre de saint Irénée au pape Victor," Zeitschrift für die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der Älteren Kirche 56 no 34 (1966) 260282. c. c. richardson, "New Solution to the Quartodeciman Riddle," Journal of Theological Studies ns 24 (1973) 7484. l. sabourin, "Easter in the Early Church," Religious Studies Bulletin 2 No. 1 (1982) 2332. s.g. hall, "The origins of Easter," Studia Patristica 15:1 (1984) 554567.

[j. ford/eds.]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Quartodecimans." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 19 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Quartodecimans." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/quartodecimans

"Quartodecimans." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/quartodecimans

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.