Skip to main content

Psychics

PSYCHICS

A term of opprobrium used by tertullian as a montanist to describe Catholics whom he accused of laxness in fasting and in forgiving sins against purity (De pudicitia 1.10; 6.14; 10.8; 16.24; 18.2; 21.16). In Greek ψυχυικοí, and in Latin psychici, the word is taken from St. Paul (1 Cor 2.14), where it means the "natural" man as opposed to the "spiritual" (πνευματικός) man. But Tertullian, who employed the word also in his Adversus Marcionem (4.22), De monogamia (1.1), De jejuniis (1.1), and Adversus Praxean (1.6), understood it as signifying "materialminded," a meaning similar to that previously given to it by certain Gnostic sects.

Bibliography: Tertullian, De paenitentia, ed. and tr. p. de labriolle (Paris 1906) 138143; Adversus Praxean, ed. and tr. e. evans (Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge; 1948) 187188; Treatises on Penance, ed. and tr. w. p. le saint (Ancient Christian Writers 28; 1959) 194195.

[f. hauser]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Psychics." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 18 Aug. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Psychics." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/psychics

"Psychics." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved August 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/psychics

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.