Peter of Alexandria, St.
PETER OF ALEXANDRIA, ST.
Bishop (300–311), martyr; d. Alexandria, Egypt, Nov. 25, 311. After serving as head of the catechetical school at Alexandria, Peter succeeded Theonas as bishop c. 300, and was "beheaded in the ninth year of the persecution" (eusebius, Hist. eccl. 7.32.31). This intrepid churchman reflected the milder school in his attitude toward the lapsi. While Peter was in hiding during the persecution of diocletian (303), Meletius, bishop of Lycopolis, assumed his episcopal rights. Meletius, whose view of the lapsi was more rigid, was declared excommunicate by a synod in 306, deposed, and banished to Palestine until 311; but the meletian schism of which he was the cause continued for several centuries after his death.
Peter's most important writing is the Paschal epistle; it contains 15 canons for the reconciliation of the lapsed (c. 306). Those who denied the faith under torture are assigned a 40-day fast for three years; those who lapsed without torture are assigned an additional year; those who obtained certificates of sacrifice are given a six-month penance; those who fell but later confessed are forgiven, but the clergy are not to be reinstated; those who sacrificed wealth and fled into exile are forgiven (Patrologia Graeca 18:468–508).
Peter's works exist mostly in Greek and Coptic fragments, and include treatises against origen and origenism, On the Godhead (quoted at ephesus in 431), and a Letter on the Meletian schism. He was a courageous and enlightened churchman, and despite the tragic effects of the Meletian schism, his canons were a milestone in primitive Church discipline. The Acts of the Martyrdom of St. Peter of Alexandria (Latin, Greek, Syriac, and Coptic) is not authentic.
Feast: Nov. 26.
Bibliography: peter of alexandria, Patrologia Graeca 18:449–522. j. quasten, Patrology 2:113–118. b. altaner, Patrology 239–240. g. fritz, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique 12.2:1802–04. f. kettler, Paulys Readenzyklopädie der klassichen Altertumswissenschaft 12.2 (1938) 1281–88. t. y. malaty, Pope Peter of Alexandria: The Deans of the School of Alexandria (Jersey City, N.J. 1994). w. telfer, "St. Peter of Alexandria and Arius," Analecta Bollandiana 67 (1949) 117–130; Harvard Theological Review 48 (1955) 227–237, and Meletius. m. richard, Mélanges de science religeuse 3 (1946) 357–358, Christology. h. i. bell and w. e. crum, eds., Jews and Christians in Egypt (London 1924). É. amann, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique 10.1:531–536.
"Peter of Alexandria, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/peter-alexandria-st
"Peter of Alexandria, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved January 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/peter-alexandria-st
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.