Skip to main content

Patripassianism

PATRIPASSIANISM

A Trinitarian heresy that denied that the Logos, Jesus Christ, possessed subsistence and implied that God the Father Himself suffered and died on the cross in the guise of the Son. This term is thus synonymous with sabellianism and was invented by the Latin Fathers who called the propagators of monarchianism patripassiani (attributors of suffering to the Father) while the Greeks called them Sabellians. tertullian, in his Treatise Against Praxeas 1, first insisted on this implication of Sabellianism, taking Praxeas to task not only for his monarchianism, but also for his opposition to montanism, which Praxeas persuaded the pope (apparently Victor I) to condemn: Duo negotia diaboli Praxeas Romae procuravit: Paracletum fugavit et Patrem crucifixit (Praxeas achieved two works of the devil in Rome: he put the Holy Spirit to flight and crucified the Father). Some scholars think that Tertullian misrepresented Praxeas's archaic Trinitarian formulations to make him the father of modalism, and so discredit him, for the name Praxeas does not appear elsewhere in contemporary sources; others suggest that Tertullian is using the word Praxeas (busybody) as a nickname for Pope Callistus.

Bibliography: tertullian, Treatise Against Praxeas, ed. and tr. e. evans (Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge;1949). j. daniÉlou and h. marrou, Des origines à saint Grégoire le Grand, v.1 of Nouvelle histoire de l'Église (Paris 1963) 1:138. g. bardy, Dictionnaire de théologie catholique, ed. a. vacant et al., (Paris 190350) 10.2:21962200.

[p. lebeau]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Patripassianism." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 16 Oct. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Patripassianism." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/patripassianism

"Patripassianism." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/patripassianism

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.