MUQADDIM (Ar. مﺪ ُ, "leader," also muqaddam, literally "the one in front"), Arabic word, one meaning of which designates a chief heading an army, a ship, or a community. In North African countries, this term was employed to designate a parnas of the Jewish community, while in the Hebrew documents of Castile, Aragon, and Navarre it was employed as a synonym for *adelantados.
Baer, Spain, index; Neuman, Spain, index; Hirschberg, Afrikah, index.
"Muqaddim." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 17, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/muqaddim
"Muqaddim." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved January 17, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/muqaddim