Skip to main content

Lerner, Mayer ben Mordecai of Altona

LERNER, MAYER BEN MORDECAI OF ALTONA

LERNER, MAYER BEN MORDECAI OF ALTONA (1857–1930), rabbi. Lerner was born in Czestochowa (Poland). He studied first in Cracow but completed his studies in the Rabbiner-Seminar in Berlin. While still a student at the seminary, he wrote his important work Anlage und Quellen des Bereschit Rabba (1882). He was appointed rabbi of Wintzenheim, Alsace, in 1884 and remained there until 1890, when he became rabbi of the Federation of Synagogues in London, which then consisted of 23 synagogues. In 1894 he was appointed rabbi of Altona and of Schleswig-Holstein. Lerner vigorously opposed the historical approach of *Graetz and the Reform movement in Germany.

Lerner's main talmudic works are his Hadar ha-Karmel (1891), responsa, including some talmudic novellae; and Ḥayyei Olam (1905) on the prohibition of cremation. His research works, in addition to the above-mentioned Quellen include "Die aeltesten Mischna – Kompositionen" (mwj, 13 (1886), 1–20) and his magnum opus, Torat ha-Mishnah, dealing with the origin of the oral tradition, of which, however, only the first part appeared (1915). He also showed an active interest in the Jewish settlement of Palestine and in 1905 founded the association Moriah whose aims were "to restore the ancient ruins, and the national and religious culture of the Jews." The association was opposed both to the Mizrachi and the Zionist movements, and in 1930 merged with the Agudat Israel movement.

bibliography:

E. Duckesz, Ivvah le-Moshav (1903), 136–9; Weingarten, in: J.L. Fishman (ed.), Sefer ha-Mizrachi (1946), 103–10; Bath-Yehudah, in: azd, 3 (1965), 266–70.

[Itzhak Alfassi]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Lerner, Mayer ben Mordecai of Altona." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 Aug. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Lerner, Mayer ben Mordecai of Altona." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 25, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lerner-mayer-ben-mordecai-altona

"Lerner, Mayer ben Mordecai of Altona." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved August 25, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/lerner-mayer-ben-mordecai-altona

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.