Skip to main content



ḤIDKA (in the tj, Shab. 16:3, 15d Hundakas , and in Schechter's edition of Aggadat Shir ha-Shirim (1896, p. 59) Hindakah ; mid-second century c.e.), tanna. Ḥidka is mentioned a few times in the beraitot of the Babylonian Talmud (bb 119a; Sanh. 56b; bm 90b. cf. Tosef. Av. Zar. 8:6). His best-known halakhah is that a person should eat four meals every Sabbath (and not three as normally accepted: Shab. 117b). Although the halakhah is that three meals suffice, some meticulous individuals act in accordance with Ḥidka's view and this fourth meal is referred to as "R. Ḥidka's meal." He transmitted sayings in the name of his associate, Simeon ha-Shikmoni, a pupil of *Akiva (Sif. Num. 68, 114; cf. bb 119a). An aggadic saying attributed to him is "Love the term 'perhaps,' and hate the expression 'what of it?'" (dez i).


Hyman, Toledot, 411.

[Zvi Kaplan]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Ḥidka." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 19 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Ḥidka." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (March 19, 2019).

"Ḥidka." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved March 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.