Hereford, Ancient See of
HEREFORD, ANCIENT SEE OF
One of the dioceses (Worcester was the other) erected from lands formerly under Lichfield. At some time after 675 and before 680, theodore (of Tarsus), Archbishop of Canterbury, brought the huge and unwieldly see of Lichfield under the jurisdiction of Canterbury and, as one of his major administrative reforms, subdivided it. The first bishop of Hereford was probably Putta, Bishop of Rochester (669–686), who had fled to the protection of Seaxwulf, Bishop of Lichfield (i.e., Mercia), after Aethelred, King of Mercia, had devastated Kent and destroyed Rochester (676). The see of Hereford originally corresponded to the area settled by the Anglo-Saxon tribes known collectively as the Magonsaetan, but it also included areas of Celtic occupation, and its boundaries later included all of Herefordshire, southern Shropshire, and a few parishes in other counties.
The cathedral church was dedicated to the Blessed Virgin Mary and to St. ethelbert, King of East Anglia (martyred c. 793). The present cathedral dates from 1079–1110 and was begun by the learned Robert Losinga (1079–95) and continued by gerard (1096–1100), who became archbishop of York. The ablest bishop of Hereford in the 12th century was Gilbert foliot (1148–63), better known after his translation as bishop of London (1163–87) and adviser to henry ii, whom he supported in the quarrel with Archbishop Thomas becket. The best known 13th-century bishop of Hereford was St. Thomas of Cantelupe, chancellor of Oxford University and, briefly, royal chancellor (1265) during the baronial ascendancy under Simon de Montfort.
The "Use of Hereford," dating probably from the episcopate of Robert Losinga, was nearer to the Roman rite than the "Use of sarum." The former was abolished under henry viii. The cathedral school, one of the better educational institutions of the western Midlands, has a continuous history dating from the early 14th century or, probably, earlier. The cathedral has a large collection of MSS, incunabula, and relics.
Bibliography: w. dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum (London 1817–30) 6.3:1210–17. w. w. capes, ed., Charters and Records of Hereford Cathedral (Hereford 1908). a. schmitt, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, j. hofer and k. rahner, eds. (Freiburg 1957–65) 5:244–245. Canterbury and York Society publications, passim.
[r. s. hoyt]
"Hereford, Ancient See of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 12, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/hereford-ancient-see
"Hereford, Ancient See of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 12, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/hereford-ancient-see
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.