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Haynt

HAYNT

HAYNT (הַיינְט), leading Yiddish daily in Warsaw before World War ii. It was founded in 1908 by the Hebrew-Yiddish journalist Samuel Jacob Jackan and two Zionists, the brothers Noah and Nehemiah *Finkelstein, as a continuation of the daily Yidishes Tagblat, which they had published from 1906. Its first issue appeared on Jan. 22, 1908, with Jackan as editor and a staff that included David *Frischmann, Hillel *Zeitlin, Hirsch David *Nomberg, and Moshe Bunem *Justman ("B. Yeushzon"). Haynt supported Zionist ideology and in 1909 reached the unprecedented circulation of 70,000. In 1910 another Yiddish daily Der Moment was founded in Warsaw, edited by Ẓevi *Prylucki, which attracted some members of Haynt's staff. In the ensuing continuous competition Haynt maintained its lead. It attracted readers by publishing stimulating articles and thrilling novels in serial form, and also offering prizes (among them a trip to Ereẓ Israel). By 1914 its circulation had risen to more than 100,000. Its staff at that time included Sholem *Asch, Menahem *Boraisha, Abraham *Goldberg, Shemarya *Gorelik, Z. Wendroff, A.L. Jacobowitz, J.A. Leizerowicz, H.D. Nomberg, David Frischmann, Isaac Leib *Peretz, and *Shalom Aleichem. Haynt took a firm Jewish national stand in the elections to the fourth *Duma in 1912. It also fought the assimilationists in Warsaw in the Jewish communal elections of that year. In 1915, Haynt was closed down by the Russian authorities but reopened a few months later, when Warsaw was captured by the Germans. In independent Poland Haynt was deprived of many readers in the Ukraine and other regions not included in Poland's boundaries. It reached an agreement with the daily Dos Yidishe Folk, published from 1919 by the Zionist Organization of Poland, becoming an organ of the Zionist Organization and replacing Jackan with Yehoshua *Gottlieb as editor. From 1921 Abraham Goldberg was the editor, but the paper's basic policy was determined by Yiẓḥak *Gruenbaum. In 1932 Haynt passed to the ownership of a cooperative composed of members of the editorial board and employees. After Goldberg's death in 1933, Aaron Einhorn and Moshe Indelmann edited the paper until its last issue on Sept. 22, 1939, on the eve of the German occupation of Warsaw. Leading contributors of Haynt included Vladimir *Jabotinsky (until 1933), B. Singer, I.J. Singer, Osias *Thon, Gershon Levin, Jacob *Lestschinsky, Z. *Segalowitch, Nahum *Sokolow, Ephraim *Kaganowsky, Ezriel *Carlebach, Z. *Shneour, and M. *Kipnis. It also issued periodicals in Yiddish and Polish, as well as two newspapers in Hebrew: the daily Ha-Boker (1909), edited by David Frischmann, and the weekly Ba-Derekh (1932–37).

bibliography:

Haynt, 19081928, Yubiley Bukh (1928); Haynt, Yubiley Bukh 19081938 (1938); Fun Noentn Over, 2 (1956), 1–237. add. bibliography: M. Fuks, Prasa zydowska w Warszawie 18231939 (1979), index; Ch. Finkelstein, Haynt, a Tsaytung bay Yidden, 19081939 (1978).

[Gedalyah Elkoshi]

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