Skip to main content



HALFANUS (Halfan, Chalfan ), family that migrated from Provence to Italy after 1394 and later moved to Prague and Vienna. The family was linked with the famous *Kalonymus family which was prominent in the Middle Ages. Most of its members were physicians and were well known for their scholarship in science and literature. abba mari, a son-in-law of Joseph *Colon, lived in Italy and published in 1490 an elegy and a work on astronomy. His son was Elijah Menahem *Halfan. Another abba mari (d. 1586) was a physician in Prague. His son elias (1561–1624) lived first in Prague and was granted his licence as a physician by Rudolph ii (1598). With Aaron *Maor Katan (Lucerna) he later achieved prominence as a physician and dayyan in Vienna, and was also known as a book collector. He was even proposed as an army surgeon.

A second Ḥalfan family living in Vienna later changed its name to Wechsler. Its members included eliezer ben uri shraga phoebus (d. 1670), who was head of the community and was apparently the last person to be buried before the 1670 expulsion. His son uri shraga phoebus (c. 1640–1707) headed a yeshivah in Prague. His Dat Esh, responsa and novellae on Maimonides' Yad Hilkhot Kilayim, was published in Berlin in 1743.


B. Wachstein, Die Inschriften des alten Judenfriedhofes in Wien, 1 (1912), index s.v.Chalfan; Kisch, in: jggjc, 6 (1934), 15; Engelmann, in: Juedische Familienforschung, no. 44 (1937), 803–5; Bruck, in: hj, 9 (1947), 161–70.

[Meir Lamed]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Halfanus." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 20 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Halfanus." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (February 20, 2019).

"Halfanus." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved February 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.