Hermit and nobleman; b. Emblehem, Belgium, c. 717; d. Nivesdonck, c. 775. The extant account of his life was written at the end of the 11th century to honor him as the patron saint of Lier. The author, Theobald, claimed that his vita was based on an earlier version, but no earlier life has survived. Gummar (Gomer; in French, Gommaire) is said to have fought in many campaigns under pepin iii. After building a small oratory at Lier, he divided the rest of his life between solitary prayer and the administration of his estates. He is regarded as one of the outstanding wonder-workers of the Low Countries.
Feast: Oct. 11.
Bibliography: Acta Sanctorum Oct. 5:674–697. Bibliotheca hagiographica latina antiquae et mediae aetatis, 2 v. (Brussels 1898–1901; suppl. 1911) 1:3694–99. j. l. baudot and l. chaussin, Vies des saints et des bienheueux selon l'ordre du calendrier avec l'historique des fêtes (Paris 1935–56) 10:363–365. É de moreau, Histoire de l'église en Belgique (2d ed. Brussels 1945) 1:320–322. t. paaps, De heilige Gummarus in de literatur, de liturgie en de volksvereering (Antwerp 1944).
[j. e. lynch]
"Gummar, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gummar-st
"Gummar, St.." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved October 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gummar-st
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.