GOLDMAN, HETTY (1881–1972), U.S. archaeologist. Born in New York, Goldman studied at Bryn Mawr College (1903) and at Radcliffe (1910), where she received her M.A. and later (1916) her Ph.D. Her excavation of the necropolis of Halae, in the ancient Greek district of Boeotia, was followed by excavations at the Ionian city of Colophon in Asia Minor and at Eutresis, a Bronze Age settlement in Boeotia. These were interrupted by the Greco-Turkish war in 1922. The peak of her career was her excavation at the south Anatolian city of Tarsus, birthplace of the apostle Paul, which had been a flourishing site in the Bronze and Iron Ages as well as during Hellenistic and Roman times. Hetty Goldman's main interest was the relationship between the Oriental cultures of the Eastern Mediterranean and the culture of the Greek world. She was one of the first members of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, New Jersey. Her published works include Excavations at Eutresis in Boeotia (1931) and The Acropolis of Halae (in Hesperia, 9 (1940), 381–514). She edited Excavations at Gözlu Kule, Tarsus, 3 vols. (1950–63).
S.S. Weinberg (ed.), The Aegean and the Near East (1956), studies presented to Hetty Goldman (includes bibliography). add. bibliography: M.J. Mellink, "Goldman, Hetty," in: B. Sicherman and C.H. Green (eds.), Notable American Women (1980), 280–82.
[Penuel P. Kahane /
Shimon Gibson (2nd ed.)]
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