GOLDENBERG, BAERISH (1825–1898), Hebrew scholar, teacher, and poet. Born in Vishnevets (Volhynia), he studied in Tarnopol in the school established by Joseph *Perl, and in 1850 opened his own school there. The rest of his life was devoted to teaching, mainly in Tarnopol, but also for some time in other towns in Galicia and Romania. He published many linguistic studies in the Hebrew journals of his time, articles and books (in German) on ancient Jewish history, and Hebrew poetry. His two major Hebrew books are Ohel Yosef (a biography of Joseph Perl and a history of his Tarnopol school, 1860) and Or Ḥadash (biblical commentaries and linguistic studies, 10 vols., 1889–97). He also edited the journal Nogahha-Yare'aḥ (1872–80).
G. Bader, Medinah va-Ḥakhameha (1934), 59–60; N.M. Gelber, Toledot ha-Tenu'ah ha-Ẓiyyonit be-Galiẓyah (1958), 261; Sefer Tarnopol (1955), 94–95.
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