Gary (Originally Kacew), Romain
GARY (originally Kacew), ROMAIN
GARY (originally Kacew ), ROMAIN (1914–1980), French novelist. Gary, who was of mixed parentage, "part Cossack and Tartar, part Jew" to use his own phrase, was born in Vilna. When he was seven, his family moved to Poland and finally, in 1926, to Nice. He was a fighter pilot in the French Air Force at the outbreak of World War ii, and then joined De Gaulle's Free French in England in 1940. After the liberation, he entered the French diplomatic service. His final appointment was that of consul-general in Los Angeles (1956–60).
Gary's first novel Education européenne (1945; Forest of Anger, 1944, reissued as A European Education, 1960) includes many elements of Jewish interest, notably the description of a clandestine Friday evening service held by Jewish underground fighters. His other novels include Tulipe (1946); Le grand vestiaire (1948; The Company of Men, 1950); Les Racines du ciel (1956; The Roots of Heaven, 1958), an adventure story about a group of idealists bent on saving a herd of elephants from hunters, which won the Prix Goncourt; La Promesse de l'aube (1960; Promise at Dawn, 1961), memories of the author's Jewish mother; and Le Mangeur d'étoiles (1966; The Talent Scout, 1961). Two works which first appeared in English are Lady L (1958), a social satire, and The Ski Bum (1965). Jewish characters constantly make an appearance in Gary's novels, but they were mostly viewed from the outside until the writer's traumatic experience in a Warsaw war museum savagely wakened him to reality. La Danse de Gengis Cohn (1967; The Dance of Genghis Cohn, 1969), the title of which sardonically reflects Gary's own ancestry and predicament, tells with cruel humor the story of a Jewish comedian shot by the Nazis, who relentlessly haunts his executioner. He also wrote La Tête Coupable (1968; The Guilty Head, 1969).
C. Lehrmann, L'Elément juif dans la littérature française, 2 (1961), 198–205; Livres de France, 18 no. 3 (1967), special issue devoted to Gary. add. bibliography: D. Bona, Romain Gary (1987); J.-M. Catonné, Romain Gary, Emile Ajar (1990); P. Bayard, Il était deux fois Romain Gary (1990); N. Huston, Tombeaude Romain Gary (1995); F. Larat, Romain Gary: un itinéraire européen: essai biographique (1999); R.W. Schoolcraft, Romain Gary: The Man Who Sold His Shadow (2002); M. Anissimov, Romain Gary, le caméléon (2004).
"Gary (Originally Kacew), Romain." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gary-originally-kacew-romain
"Gary (Originally Kacew), Romain." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved May 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/gary-originally-kacew-romain
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.