Franco of Cologne
FRANCO OF COLOGNE
Medieval music theorist; fl. 1250–80. Nothing is known of his life except that he was a papal chamberlain and preceptor of the Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem at Cologne. The only reference to his compositions is a statement by Jacob of Liège about a three-part motet heard in Paris. The same writer describes Franco as Teutonicus (German), perhaps to distinguish him from an earlier Franco of French birth. His reputation rests on one genuine treatise, Ars cantus mensurabilis (c. 1260), which presents a system of setting down music whereby rhythmical and metrical matters are dealt with clearly, logically, and scientifically. Previous methods had tended to be ambiguous and vague, hindering the development of polyphony. Franco's system found many imitators in Italy, France, and England, and some aspects remained in force until the 16th century. His definitions of discant, hocket, copula, and organum are classics of their kind, combining brevity, accuracy, and pertinent musical illustration.
Bibliography: Texts of treatise in Scriptorum de musica medii aevi nova series, h. coussemaker, 4 v. (Paris 1864–76) 1:117–136, Eng. tr. in Source Readings in Music History, o. strunk (New York 1950) 139–159. m. gerbert, Scriptores ecclesiastici de musica sacra potissimum 3 v. (Milan 1931) 3:1–16, slightly less reliable. g. reese, Music in the Renaissance (rev. ed. New York 1959). h. besseler, Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart, ed. f. blume (Kassel-Basel 1949–) 4:688–698. s. t. warner, Grove's Dictionary of Music and Musicians, ed. e. blom 9 v. (5th ed. London 1954) 3:478–480. f. de colonia, "Ars cantus mensurabilis." in Corpus scriptorum de musica, vol. 18, ed. g. reaney and a. gilles (Rome 1974) 23–82. a. hughes, "Franco of Cologne" in The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, vol. 6, ed. s. sadie (New York 1980) 794–797. d. m. randel, ed., The Harvard Biographical Dictionary of Music (Cambridge 1996) 280. n. slonimsky, ed. Baker's Biographical Dictionary of Musicians, Eighth Edition (New York 1992) 569.
"Franco of Cologne." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 24, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/franco-cologne
"Franco of Cologne." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved April 24, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/franco-cologne
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.