ERLANGER, MICHEL (1828–1892), French communal worker. Son of the rabbi in Wissenbourg, Alsace, he had a traditional Jewish education. Erlanger was among the founders of the *Alliance Israélite Universelle and a member of its central committee. He helped Charles *Netter to establish the *Mikveh Israel agricultural school, and accompanied Baron Edmond de *Rothschild's representative, Albert *Cohn, on his visits to Ereẓ Israel. Erlanger advised Rothschild on his philanthropic activities and acted as his liaison with the *Hibbat Zion movement and colonists in Ereẓ Israel. He was vice president of the Jewish *Consistoire in Paris, a member of the board, and treasurer of the Société des Etudes Juives.
A. Druyanow (ed.), Ketavim le-Toledot Ḥibbat-Ẓiyyon, 3 vols. (1919–32), index; Bulletin de l'Alliance Israélite Universelle, 5:17 (1892), 10–15.