Skip to main content

Eliashov, Solomon ben Ḥayyim


ELIASHOV, SOLOMON BEN ḤAYYIM (1841–1926), kabbalist. Eliashov, who was born in Zagara, Lithuania, studied in the yeshivah in Telz, but spent most of his life as a private citizen in Shavli in Samogitia, Lithuania and never took a rabbinic position. In 1915 he was expelled with the rest of his community to Russia and in 1922 (or 1924) he settled in Jerusalem. Eliashov was considered one of the greatest kabbalists in Russia at the end of the 19th century. His method was influenced by the tradition of *Elijah b. Solomon, the Gaon of Vilna, and his disciples, and he generally opposed those who interpreted Kabbalah in an idealistic manner, particularly the kabbalistic commentaries of Moses Ḥayyim *Luzzatto and the Chabad Ḥasidim. All his works on Kabbalah, which he rewrote in several versions, were compiled at the end of the 19th century under the general title Sefer Leshem Shevo ve-Aḥlamah (Ex. 28:19). They include the following published works: Sefer Hakdamot u-She'arim (Piotrkow, 1908); Sefer ha-De'ah (an abbreviation for Derushei Olam ha-Tohu) in two volumes (Piotrkow, 1911); Sefer ha-Kelalim, on the principles of egressus and digressus in the process of emanation, two volumes (Jerusalem, 1924–26, but actually completed only in 1930); Sefer Ḥelkei ha-Be'urim, a commentary on Hayyim *Vital's Eẓ Ḥayyim in two volumes (Jerusalem, 1935–49). His glosses and additions to Eẓ Ḥayyim were also published in the Warsaw 1890 edition of that work. The works of Eliashov contain a highly detailed systematic description of the Lurianic Kabbalah concerning the doctrine of aẓilut ("emanation"). It was said that Eliashov accomplished for the works of Isaac *Luria what Moses *Cordovero had done for the *Zohar.


A. Levin, Toledot ha-Ga'on ha-Kadosh, Meḥabber Sifrei Leshem Shevo ve-Aḥlamah (1935).

[Gershom Scholem]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Eliashov, Solomon ben Ḥayyim." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 19 May. 2019 <>.

"Eliashov, Solomon ben Ḥayyim." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (May 19, 2019).

"Eliashov, Solomon ben Ḥayyim." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved May 19, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.