DIO CHRYSOSTOM ° ("golden-mouthed," called so for his eloquence; Dio of Prusa ; c. 40–120 c.e.), orator. According to the testimony of his biographer, Synesius (c. 365–413/414; Bishop of Cyrene), in one of his speeches Dio described the *Essenes as a utopian-like community living "in the interior of Palestine" near the Dead Sea in the vicinity of Sodom.
M. Stern (ed.), Greek and Latin Authors on Jews and Judaism. vol. 1 (1974), 538–40.
[Shimon Gibson (2nd ed.)]