Bikerman, Jacob Joseph

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BIKERMAN, JACOB JOSEPH (1898–1978), U.S. physical chemist. Bikerman was born in Odessa, Russia, and attended the University of St. Petersburg (Leningrad). He held a variety of academic and industrial positions in the U.S.S.R., Germany, and Britain before going to the U.S. in 1946. From 1956 to 1964 he was head of the Adhesives Laboratory of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Bikerman contributed many papers to scientific journals, dealing with adhesion, electrokinetics, colloids, rheology, surface tension, contact angles, lubrication, and friction. His works include Kapillarchemie (with H. Freundlich, 1932); Foams: Theory and Industrial Applications (with J.M. Perri a.o., 1953); Surface Chemistry (19582); The Science of Adhesive Joints (1961); and Contributions to the Thermodynamics of Surfaces (1961).

[Samuel Aaron Miller]

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Bikerman, Jacob Joseph

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