Benediktbeuern, Abbey of
BENEDIKTBEUERN, ABBEY OF
Benedictine abbey founded in the Bavarian Alps by Count Huosi, between 739 and 740, and consecrated by St. Boniface on Oct. 22, 742. Although pillaged by invading Magyars (955), Benediktbeuern (Buron, Beweren, Benedictoburum) was restored by the priest Wolford and staffed with a community of canons regular by St. ulric of augsburg (969). Benedictine rule was reinstated in 1031 by Abbot Ellinger and 11 monks from the neighboring Abbey of tegernsee. During the long term of Ellinger's successor, Abbot Gothelm (1032–62), the abbey was fully repaired, and its library was reorganized. In spite of fires (1248, 1377, 1378, 1490), it prospered and became a center of learning and also of pilgrimage, since it possessed a relic of St. Benedict given by Charlemagne, as well as a relic of St. Anastasia brought there by St. gottschalk in 1053. It received privileges from popes and kings and acquired princely status from Rudolph of Hapsburg; Abbot Ortholph II (1271–84) begins the list of prince-abbots. The abbey was depleted by the plague of 1611 and ransacked by the Swedes who invaded Germany under Gustavus Adolphus in 1632. At this time the monk Simon Speer was tortured and slain for refusing to surrender the goods of the monastery. Much of Benediktbeuern's fame rests with its impressive library. When catalogued (1736) by M. Ziegelbauer (d. 1750), it numbered 338 MSS and 30,000 volumes; 40,000 at the time of its suppression. It is here that the scholarly historian of the Bavarian Benedictines, C. Meichelbeck, worked. The church, rebuilt by Abbot Placidus (1672–90), is an example of Bavarian high baroque style and has frescoes by H. G. Asams (1649–1711). Benediktbeuern was suppressed by the government in 1803 and became successively a barracks and a military hospital; it is now a theological seminary for Salesian students.
Bibliography: o. l. kapsner, A Benedictine Bibliography: An Author-Subject Union List, 2 v. (2d ed. Callegeville, Minn. 1962) 2:190. p. volk, Dictionnaire d'histoire et de géographie ecclésiastiques, ed. a. baudrillart et al. (Paris 1912–) 7:1235–36, list of abbots. k. mindera, Lexikon für Theologie und Kirche, ed. j. hofer and k. rahner, 10 v. (2d, new ed. Freiburg 1957–65) 2:183–184. l. h. cottineau, Répertoire topobibliographique des abbayes et prieurés, 2 v. (Mâcon 1935–39) 1:340–341.
[e. d. mcshane]
"Benediktbeuern, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 16, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/benediktbeuern-abbey
"Benediktbeuern, Abbey of." New Catholic Encyclopedia. . Retrieved December 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/benediktbeuern-abbey
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.