Skip to main content

Bégin, Emile-Auguste


BÉGIN, EMILE-AUGUSTE (1802–1888), French physician, historian, and librarian. Bégin, who was born in Metz, studied medicine at the Military College in Strasbourg. He soon gave up his position as a regimental physician in favor of a literary career. His early writing dealt mainly with the history of northeastern France. He became well known for his four-volume Biographie de la Moselle (1829–32) and his literary and political periodical L'Indicateur de l'Est (1830). His historical research embraced Jewish communities, and some of his findings appeared under the title "Recherches pour servir l'histoire des Juifs dans le Nord-Est de la France" in Revue Orientale, 1–2 (1841–42). Bégin settled in Paris in 1846 and became a contributor to publications of the Academy of Medicine. In 1850 he cooperated in the official edition of the papers of Napoleon i and in 1853–54 produced a laudatory five-volume biography, L'Histoire de Napoléon Ier, based on hitherto unpublished personal papers. Napoleon iii rewarded him with an appointment as librarian at the Louvre, where he remained until 1871. In 1874 Bégin became librarian at the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.


Dictionnaire de biographie francaise, s.v.; L'Austraisie, 7 (July, 1907), 3–26 (suppl.); Wininger, Biog, 1 (1925), 284.

[Herbert A. Strauss]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bégin, Emile-Auguste." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 23 Apr. 2019 <>.

"Bégin, Emile-Auguste." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (April 23, 2019).

"Bégin, Emile-Auguste." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved April 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.