Skip to main content



AUSPITZ , Moravian family connected with the *Gomperz and Lieben families. The name is derived from the German name of the Moravian town Hustopeče. abraham shaye auspitz was Judenrichter (Jewish judge) in 1755 and Landesaeltester (head) of the Bruenn district from 1769. He was instrumental in curtailing the powers of the Landesrabbiner (chief rabbi) of Moravia by an imperial decree, issued in 1776. In 1781 samson was elected Landesaeltester. Abraham Shaye's son lazar (1772–1853) established the textile industry in Bruenn and was the first to export wool from Moravia to England. With M.L. *Biedermann he was instrumental in transferring the center of the wool trade from Budapest to Vienna. In 1815 he signed the petition for Jewish rights in Austria with Nathan *Arnstein, but himself broke with Jewish tradition. His only son samuel moved to Vienna and opened a bank. Samuel left two sons, karl, edler von artenegg (1824–1912), an art patron, and rudolf (1837–1906), one of the leading beet sugar manufacturers in Moravia. With his cousin Richard Lieber, Rudolf published a highly regarded book on price theory (Untersuchungen ueber die Theorie des Preises, 1889; repr. 1993). He entered the Moravian Diet in 1871 and the Austrian Parliament in 1873, and became spokesman of the German Liberal Party. From 1900 he was a member of the Vienna communal board. Rudolf was a member of the parliamentary commission investigating the antisemitic riots of *Holesov in 1899. heinrich (1835–1886), who was baptized, was also a member of this family. He taught medicine at Vienna University, was a dermatologist, and wrote many works on the subject.


T. Gomperz, Essays und Erinnerungen (1905), 4–6; W. Mueller, Urkundliche Beitraege zur Geschichte der maehrischen Judenschaft (1903), 13–22; J. Winter, Fuenfzig Jahre eines Hauses (1934); Schumpeter, in: ess, 2 (1930), 317. add. bibliography: J. Niehansand St. Jaeggi, Rudolf Auspitz und Richard Lieben… (1993).

[Meir Lamed /

Marcus Pyka (2nd ed.)]

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Auspitz." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . 24 Mar. 2019 <>.

"Auspitz." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . (March 24, 2019).

"Auspitz." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved March 24, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.