ATLAS, ELEAZAR (1851–1904), Hebrew scholar and critic. He was born in Beisagola (district of Kovno) and educated at the yeshivah of Zager, where under the influence of maskilim he secretly devoted himself to the study of Jewish history and literature. His literary work was first published in Ha-Karmel (1875); later he became a principal contributor to Ha-Ẓefirah and published critical essays on important works on Jewish history in Ha-Asif; these included discussions of the works of A.H. Weiss, Graetz, and others. In 1888 he published Ha-Kerem in which leading Hebrew writers were to participate; it was intended to be a periodical, but only one issue appeared. Financial difficulties forced him to move from place to place, until he settled in Bialystok in 1895 and became a bookkeeper. His severe criticism of the growing political Zionist movement, Herzl, Aḥad Ha-Am, and of new trends in Hebrew literature is contained in a collection of articles, Mah le-Fanim u-Mah le-Aḥor ("What is Progressive and What is Retrogressive," 1898). During his later years he served as a private tutor in Moscow and wrote articles on the history of the Jews in Poland. These were stolen from him shortly before his death, while on a journey to Bialystok, to which he was compelled to return when Jews were no longer permitted to live in Moscow.
Hirschberg, in: Ha-Ẓefirah (1904), literary supplement, 263–5; Kressel, in: Me'assef le-Divrei Sifrut, 3 (1962), 439–54; P. Kaplan, Eleazar Atlas (Heb., 1907); B. Kadar, E. Atlas, Zayn Leben, Zayn Shafn, Zayn Kamf (1949).
"Atlas, Eleazar." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/atlas-eleazar
"Atlas, Eleazar." Encyclopaedia Judaica. . Retrieved January 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/atlas-eleazar
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.