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APOLLONIUS ° (third century b.c.e.), finance minister of *Ptolemyii Philadelphus, king of Egypt (285–246 b.c.e.). Apollonius was one of the most efficient administrators of the period. Considerable material on his activities is furnished by the Zeno papyri, particularly on his activities as the owner of estates in the Fayyum. He owned vineyards in Beth-Anath in Judea and also engaged in commerce and manufacture. Several of his agents were stationed in Judea in order to foster trade with Egypt.


A. Świderek, W "państwie" Apolloniosa (1959), with résumé in French; A. Tcherikover, Hellenistic Civilization and the Jews (1959), 60, 62f., 157f., 186–89.