ALBU, ISIDOR (1837–1903), German physician and public health specialist. Albu was born in Berlin and graduated from Berlin University in 1864. His work was devoted primarily to problems of social hygiene, medical statistics, and epidemiology, and his writings included Mortality in Berlin, Studies on Cholera, Typhoid and Smallpox in Berlin, and Typhus und Grundwassergang in Berlin (1877). His major work was the authorized summary of the rules laid down by Riant in Leçons d'Hygiène (1874). This work became a widely used handbook of general, personal, and public hygiene. Albu was responsible for the establishment of eye clinics in Berlin and other cities of Germany. In 1882 he went to Iran where he became professor of medicine at the University of Teheran and personal physician to the shah, Nāṣir al-Dīn.
Wininger, Biog, 1 (1925), 94–95; Biographisches Lexikon der hervorragenden Aerzte, 1 (19292), 77.
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