The Sūtra, which was composed not later than 2nd cent. CE, has been especially popular with the laity, since the protagonist is himself a lay householder. Thus the world-renouncing monastic ethos of the Hīnayāna is rejected, and the status of the laity legitimized as part of the broad re-evaluation of religious ideals undertaken by the Mahāyāna.
"Vimalakīrti Sūtra." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Encyclopedia.com. (December 14, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/vimalakirti-sutra
"Vimalakīrti Sūtra." The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions. . Retrieved December 14, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/religion/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/vimalakirti-sutra