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Petrine texts. Those New Testament texts which are held by Catholics (mainly, but not exclusively, Roman Catholics) to establish the supreme authority of Peter over the Church, whose foundation, after Christ, he is. The major text is Matthew 16. 18 f., but others are Mark 3. 16, Luke 24. 34, 1 Corinthians 15. 5. On these texts, the papacy in fact and theory is founded.