Ḥerem (Heb., ‘ban’). Excommunication from the Jewish community. Derived from the isolation of holy items in biblical times, the first reference to excommunication is in Ezra 10. 8. In the period of the Talmud, four types of excommunication had developed: (i) nezifah, a rebuke, an expulsion for seven days; (ii) shamta, now of uncertain meaning; (iii) niddui, ‘separation’, thirty days in Erez Israel, seven in the diaspora, but renewable without reform of ways; (iv) ḥerem, isolation: such a person was forbidden to hear or teach Torah, and had to observe the laws of mourning. It is now little used in that way except by the extreme Orthodox in Israel.
More From encyclopedia.com
Bene Israel , BENE ISRAEL The largest and, perhaps, the oldest of the India's Jewish communities is known as the Bene Israel (children of Israel). Though in number… Yitzhak Rabin , Rabin, Yitzhak Born on March 1, 1922 (Jerusalem, Palestine) Prime Minister of Israel First as a soldier and then as a statesman, Yitzhak Rabin devote… Israel (people) , ISRAEL LOCATION, SIZE, AND EXTENT TOPOGRAPHY CLIMATE FLORA AND FAUNA ENVIRONMENT POPULATION MIGRATION ETHNIC GROUPS LANGUAGES RELIGIONS TRANSPORTATIO… Abba Eban , Abba Eban The Israeli statesman, diplomat, and scholar Abba Eban (born 1915) served as Israel's United Nations representative and ambassador to the U… American Israel Public Affairs Committee , The American Israel Public Affairs Committee (AIPAC) is a national advocacy group that lobbies for U.S. support to the nation of Israel. Founded in 1… Neturei Karta , NETUREI KARTA NETUREI KARTA , group of ultra-religious extremists, mainly in Jerusalem, who regard the establishment of a secular Jewish state in Ere…
About this article
Updated About encyclopedia.com content Print Article
You Might Also Like