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Furqān. Generally translated as ‘criterion’ or ‘distinction’, sometimes ‘deliverance’; an Arabic word of disputed origin. It is the name of sūra 25 of the Qurʾān, where it is a synonym for the Qurʾān itself. Elsewhere it would seem to signify ‘deliverance’, as in the case of Moses (Qurʾān 2. 53, 21. 48). The battle of Badr, the first significant victory for the Muslims, is described as a ‘day of furqān’ (8. 41).